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Coral Collaborative Culture Facility
Most animal and human research depends on the availability of animal models to elucidate
basic biological processes (e.g., reproduction physiology, biochemistry, genetics)
and assess disease states. In the case of corals, model species provide the means
to focus research on fundamental biological concepts that are broadly applicable
across the taxon and are critical if advances are to be made in the underlying science
through the use of modern technologies.
Coral research has been hampered by the lack of suitable model species and well
characterized genetic strains. This deficiency has been exacerbated by the difficulty
of maintaining captive colonies and making them routinely available for research
purposes. The Coral Culture and Collaborative Research Facility is being used to
develop, propagate, and maintain model species under well characterized conditions
for use in studies of healthy and diseased states of corals.
To identify and develop model coral species (analogous to "laboratory rats") that
are biologically and genetically well characterized and suitable for laboratory
experimentation by establishing a coral culture and state of the art research facility
where the animals are captive-reared for investigating coral health and disease
In 2006, NOS NCCOS initiated plans to establish a place for in-house and collaborative
projects that is conducive to modern laboratory-based coral research focused on
biological, physical and chemical agents impacting coral health. The mission of
this endeavor is aligned with one of the CDHC’s highest priority goals: "establish
a coral culture and experimental facility capable of providing laboratory research
animals in support of coral research dealing with health and diseased states".
As a result of this long-term commitment, a 1,800 sq. ft. indoor coral culture facility
was opened in 2008 at the NOS NCCOS Center for Coastal Environmental Health and
Biomolecular Research (CCEHBR) in Charleston, SC. Research at the facility is conducted
in support of NOAA's coral conservation goals and has received operational assistance
from NOAA’s Coral Reef Conservation Program, initially focusing on hard corals,
though other relevant coral reef organisms are being incorporated into the holdings
as needed. The experimental resources available at this facility enhance research
opportunities for NOAA and its partners by making available captive-reared and clonal
coral specimens for collaborative projects.
The facility is equipped with four closed artificial seawater raceway systems for
propagation and maintenance of corals and related organisms, a support laboratory
for analyses ranging from molecular and cellular biology to physiology (e.g., biomarkers)
and genetics. Two humidity and temperature controlled challenge rooms are available
for laboratory-scale experiments with biological, environmental or chemical agents.
The Facility also has novel and advanced fluorescence microscopy capabilities with
stereo and dipping microscopes equipped with a PARISS (Prism and Reflector Imaging
Spectroscopy System) advanced hyper-spectral imaging device that simultaneously
collects wavelengths between 300nm and 900nm using an imaging spectrometer coupled
to a CCD camera which can provide spectral signatures from the inherent auto-fluorescence
of corals for diagnostics and discovery research. With growing interest and concern
for deep sea corals, the facility is also uniquely poised to develop husbandry techniques
for these organisms to support research needs in that area.